Watery Eyes in Dogs, What you must know

May 6, 2022 | 0 comments

watery eyes in dogs
A closeup of a beagle dog eye. Macro detail background

Have you observed that your pet’s eyes are tearing or have excessive drainage? There are many possible causes of eye drainage and excessive tear-tearing in dogs. In most cases, dogs will require an intervention from a human to assist. In some instances, it is necessary to seek medical attention.

What are excessive tearing and eye discharge?

Epiphora, also known as excessive tearing, is a frequent problem observed in dogs. It could result in a clear yellow, white, and even green color discharge.1

If a dog’s eyes are irritated or teary, this indicates an eye issue.

Obstructions to the eye are a variety of underlying causes. Inexpensive tears can result from problems with the eyelids, inflammation, or other diseases in the eyes. Treatment for epiphora can be simple or more complex procedures. While epiphora does not appear breed-specific, some breeds are susceptible to certain eye conditions. For instance, dogs that have faces that have anatomically “flattened or stretched” faces may have issues with tear drainage through the ducts.

The Signs of Watery Eyes in dogs

The treatment of a veterinarian is crucial in the treatment of eye issues. Eye disorders can be very uncomfortable for dogs. If you observe or notice any of the signs below, contact your veterinarian to make an appointment:

  • The puffiness in the eyes
  • Eye redness
  • Squinting, which could be a sign of discomfort
  • Discharge
  • Brown staining with reddish hues on the fur
  • Dryness (or moisture in the eye
  • Sneezing
  • Eye or skin infection
  • Eyes closed
  • Odor
  • Eyes rubbing using paws or against other objects
  • Periorbital alopecia

Types of Watery Eyes in dogs

Many kinds of ocular diseases can cause the eyes to become watery. Some of them are listed below.

  • Distichiasis
    • A complete row of eyelashes could be affected
    • The eyelashes can develop in an unusual direction or at an extraordinary place on the eyelid.
    • Genetics is a significant factor
    • A variety of breeds are affected by: Chesapeake Retriever, Golden Retriever, Shetland Sheepdog, Pekingese, Pug, Boxer, Bulldog Boston Terrier, Dachshund, Cavalier King Charles Spaniel, American Cocker Spaniel, Shih Tzu, Lhasa Apso
  • Entropion
    • In this situation, the eyelid moves towards the side.
    • The eyelids on the surface of the eyelid rub with the cornea
    • The breeds affected by this genetic disorder include Akita, Shar Pei, Great Pyrenees, American Staffordshire Terrier, Pekingese, Newfoundland, Saint Bernard, Bulldog, Pomeranian, Mastiff, Bernese Mountain Dog, Great Dane, Labrador Retriever, Japanese Chin, Shih Tzu, Yorkshire Terrier, Dalmatian, Rottweiler, Siberian Husky, Weimaraner, Poodle, Basset Hound, and Irish Setter
  • Conjunctivitis
    • The cause is inflammation within the eye lining tissues that is the lining of the eye.
    • In most cases, both eyes are engaged
    • It could be bacterial or viral or secondary to allergies, etc.
    • It could be a secondary cause of another illness.
    • Breed-related issues can be a trigger for German Shepherds as well as Collies
  • Dacryocystitis
    • The tear duct is inflamed that may occur due to genetics (such as an abnormal growth) as well as caused by an acquired (tumor or bacteria)
    • Brachycephalic breeds can be prone due to the narrow eye socket as well as the tight eyelid
    • Some examples of this breed that have an elongated and flat skull include species like the Pug, Pekingese, Bulldog, and Boston Terrier
  • Corneal Ulcer
    • The is degeneration by the epithelium (outer layer of the eye) into the cornea’s stroma (central support cornea tissue)
    • The most frequently cited reason is trauma.
    • It could be a secondary cause of other conditions such as Dry Eye or Epithelial Dystrophy that Boxers can pass down.
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The causes of watery eyes in Dogs

There are many reasons for watery eyes, leading to varying degrees of severity. A few possible causes can be discussed below.

  • Breeds with excess hair on the face could have hair growing in the eye.
  • Eyelashes are growing at an unnatural angle
  • Allergies to pollen, dust, mold, etc.
  • Trauma, punctures, scratches
  • Tumor
  • Irritants like dust, sprays, smoke, or perfumes
  • Bacteria
  • Virus
  • Fungi
  • Glaucoma
  • Facial anatomy that leads to insufficient drainage of tears
  • Blocked tear of the duct
  • Congenital problems such as skin folds that are infected due to the constant wetness
  • Keratoconjunctivitis Sicca (Dry Eye)

Diagnostics of Watery Eyes in Dogs

Since watery eyes could indicate an imminent problem, Don’t put off going to your dog’s vet for an eye exam. The vet’s assistant will need to know how long your dog’s eyes have been dripping and if any signs of disease have developed recently.

Suppose your dog’s behavior is indicating symptoms of discomfort. In that case, A topical anesthetic can apply directly to the eyes before the examination starts to render the eye surface feel entirely numb. A fluorescein stain can be used on the eye. It is a non-invasive procedure to determine the presence of scratches, identify foreign objects, and evaluate tear drainage. After the stain is used and the dog’s head is tilted downward, the veterinarian will determine the drainage capacity in the nostrils. Normal functions allow the color to be visible in the nose within minutes.

The vet will also look at your pet’s eyes to determine tear production (using the Schirmer Tear Test), corneal damage, and the function of the nasolacrimal duct. Radiographs are often used to determine if there are any obstructions.

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The source determines the cause of the epiphora that caused the epiphora. A veterinarian might suggest further examination by an ophthalmologist.

Treatment for watery eyes in dogs

The treatment for watery eyes in dogs can be different based on the cause.

  • Distichiasis, entropion and distichia
    • If you have distichiasis and entropion, surgery is the best alternative.
    • Since the eyelashes and the hair on the eyelids can contact the eyeball, some ulcers can result.
    • If the ulcers are not treated and untreated, vision loss can result.
  • Conjunctivitis
    • If not treated, conjunctivitis could cause vision loss
    • Treatment involves flushing the eyes and the use of local antibiotic treatment
    • Drops for the eyes and Ointments are generally offered
  • Dacryocystitis
    • Treatment consists in washing the lookout with a saline solution or sterile water.
    • Antibiotics can be prescribed
    • When the injury is severe, the need for surgery may be required to establish the drainage pathway
    • A new drain route will drain tears from the mouth, nasal cavity, or the sinus
  • Corneal Ulcer
    • It is crucial to take care of an ulcer immediately because the eye may be permanently damaged.
    • Ointments and eye drops that are antibiotic-resistant are necessary
    • Atropine is a drug that can be used locally to treat pain
    • There’s a high chance your dog is obliged to have an Elizabethan collar to avoid eye irritation.

Recuperation of Watery eyes in Dogs

Visits to the clinic again are required in the event of epiphora; a complete resolution to any problem with the root cause is essential. The occurrence of frequent, intermittent episodes caused by eye-watering is not uncommon. Therefore even if it appears that your dog is returning to normal, the vet will have to verify that the treatment has been adequate and thorough. It is important to note that multiple flushes might be necessary for some instances.

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You may require eye drops or ointments at your home for a short duration. Your doctor can guide you on the correct way to administer drops for the eyes.

For furry dogs that may cause a problem in preventing the recurrence of a condition, regular cleaning by an expert is required.

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