Bloat in dogs(gastric torsion)

May 20, 2022 | 0 comments

Bloat in dogs

What is bloat in dogs?

Bloat, also known as gastric torsion and sometimes as gastric dilation (GDV) syndrome, is a potentially fatal disorder that develops when the dog’s stomach is filled with gas and gets bent. It is most common in breeds with deep chests.

What is the cause of gastric torsion?

It isn’t clear what causes bloat. It is believed that there’s enough space in the abdomen to allow organs that are gas-filled to move, and occasionally, they do. This is the reason the disease is more common in deep-chested dogs.

What causes the stomach to get gas-filled?

Vets believe there are two possible triggers:


Animals (including humans) generally consume more air when they’re stressed. Aerophagia (literally “eating air”) is typically found when dogs are stressed and kennelled. Air intake can cause the stomach to grow in size. This alters the standard organ structure of the abdomen.


Suppose dogs are placed into foods with high fermentability levels that produce gas at an abnormal rate. The stomach may struggle and may not handle the gas promptly by burping or transferring it to the intestines.

The dog has a bloated stomach and bloated, which is an emergency regardless of whether it requires surgery. If the stomach balloons, but it is not a problem, the situation transforms from serious to disastrous.

How do I know whether my dog has bloat?

Like any other emergency involving your dog, consult a veterinarian immediately if you suspect something is not right, as the time frame is essential.

Signs to watch out for:

  • Anxiety: running or trying to get sick but not succeeding could be a sign of trouble.
  • Trouble breathing: The expanding stomach blocks the dog from breathing correctly.
  • Saliva: lookout for any dribbles or saliva from your dog’s mouth.
  • Gut bloating: if you notice a distended stomach, seek advice fast.
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How does bloat be treated for dogs?

The treatment for bloat depends on how sick your pet is. The vet will typically examine them with an x-ray to determine if surgery is necessary. Animals critical for GDV have high anesthetic risks, so your VeterinarianVeterinarian may apply a heavy dose of intravenous sedation to ensure the dog isn’t in pain and laying still.

What can my Veterinarian do to take care of a bloated and painful stomach?

If your stomach is abnormally large, your Veterinarian may:

  • Move a stomach tube into the mouth and the esophagus to reduce the size of the stomach.
  • Clip a tiny patch that is skin-like on your left side, then puncture abdominal walls using the help of a catheter to expel excess gas. This immediately relieves the stomach of its bloatedness, as well as restores breathing as well as blood flow.

What makes it vital to be quick to react?

It is vital to be punctual when it comes to bloat issues because twisted stomachs can decrease blood flow and cause the death of the stomach wall (necrosis). This could lead to perforation and death from peritonitis. After the stomach is partially decompressed, fluids from the intravenous system flow, and breathing has improved. The next step is to undergo invasive surgery. Sometimes, the VeterinarianVeterinarian may shift the stomach and secure it to the abdominal wall to stop GDV from occurring again.

How do I know how long my dog is likely to spend with VeterinarianVeterinarian?

Patients are typically admitted to the hospital for at least 48 hours due to post-operative complications like the release of toxins by tissues that have been traumatized could cause serious complications, such as cardiac attacks, peritonitis, and sudden death.

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Help raise awareness

Gill Arney and Derek Hamilton set up the dog bloat awareness campaign following Beau, the dog; their Dobermann was able to overcome gastric torsion in 2008. The duo produced the flyer above (with vets) outlining the indicators to be aware of and a simple message: If you spot these signs, take your pet to the VeterinarianVeterinarian.

  • Gill will deliver packets of flyers (free without charge) to any UK address. Alternatively, you may email us to request a pdf copy.
  • There’s also a Facebook group called Canine Bloat Awareness.

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